Effects of a Brain Injury
Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is damage to the brain that occurs after birth from a traumatic, or non-traumatic event. ABI is not related to a congenital disorder or a degenerative disease, such as Alzheimer's Disease, Multiple Sclerosis or Parkinson's Disease.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is damage to the brain caused by a blow or shaking of the head.
Non-Traumatic Brain Injury is damage to the brain caused by illness such as meningitis or encephalitis, oxygen deprivation (anoxia) or stroke.
The following is a list of common effects of a brain injury:
Physical: problems with balance, fatigue, changes in hearing/seeing/tasting, muscle weakness
Communication: difficulty speaking, writing, understanding, reading
Cognitive (thinking): memory problems, difficulty concentrating
Emotional: irritable, sensitive to stress or change
Behavioral: impulsive, change in personality